'BRASSICA INTEGRIFOLIA' FROM 'CRUCIFERAE' FAMILY

ABOUT 'BRASSICA INTEGRIFOLIA' PLANT 


 Brassica integrifolia 

FAMILY:- CRUCIFERAE 

BOTANICAL NAME:- Brassica integrifolia 

VERNACULAR NAMES :
 

SINHALA : Aba
TAMIL : Kadugu
ENGLISH : Indian Mustard 


DESCRIPTION :
 
Erect annual herb with a stem 0.4-1.0 m high, glabrous or with a few bristles at the base, much branched, often purplish up to the pedicels.
 

LEAVES:- Large, pinnatifid without basal lobes,terminal lobe much the largest basal leaves long, persistent, 5-10 cm long, broadly obovate.
 

FLOWERS:- Regular, bisexual, yellow, 6-8 mm long, in long rasemes. Seeds-beak narrowly conical, seedless nearly 1.2 cm long, 1-1.3 mm diameter (Jayaweera, 1980)
 

DISTRIBUTION:
 

It grows from Egypt to China and is often cultivated in India. In Sri Lanka, it grows as a weed in vegetable plantations (Jayaweera, 1980).
 

EDIBLE PARTS : Seeds, young leaves.
FOOD USE : They are used as an ingredient for pickles and seed oil is used in food preparation. Mustard sauce is made from seeds. Seed oil is used as a cooking oil. Leaves are eaten as a green vegetable.
 

NUTRITIONAL AND THERAPEUTIC VALUE :
 

Moisture - 8.5 g, 
Energy - 541 kcal, 
Proteins - 20 g, 
Fats - 39.7 g, 
Carbohydrates 23.8 g, 
Calcium - 490 meg, 
Phosphorus - 700 mg, 
Iron - 17.9 mg, 
Carotene - 162 mg, 
Thiamine - 650 meg, 
Riboflavin - 260 meg, 
Niacin-4.0 mg, Vitamin C-0 g

The pale yellow oil extracted from the seed contains sinigrin. The leaves contain Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron and Vitamin B. A plaster of ground mustard seed applied externally relieves pain due to pleurodynia, pleuritis, hepatitis, gastralgia, lumbago and is used as a counter-irritant in inflammatory conditions of the viscera. Applied to the nape of the neck, it prevents cerebral congestion. To check convulsions in children, the patient is immersed in a mustard bath (Jayaweera, 1980).
 

ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE:
 

Mustard is adopted to widely different climatic conditions. Requires low or moderate rainfall. Grows in all classes of soils except very heavy clays.
 

CULTIVATION:
 

Areas of cultivation - Dry zone of Sri Lanka.
 

Planting season - Maha season.
 

Planting material - Seeds
 

Planting and spacing - normally cultiated in chenas as a mixed crop with finger millet. When grown as a pure crop, seeds may be drilled in rows, 20 cm apart.
 

Harvesting - Harvest can be obtained after 90-100 days.
 

Yeilds - Pure crop will give about 200 - 250 kg to 400 - 500 kg/ha.
 

STORAGE :
 

Seeds can be stored for a long time in dry containers.

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