DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THIS 'AIZOACEAE' FAMILY PLANTS ? 'TRIANTHEMA DECANDRA'

ABOUT 'THRIANTHEMA DECANDRA' FAMILY PLANTS


Trianthema decandra



FAMILY : AIZOACEAE

BOTANICAL NAME: Trianthema decandra

Syn:- Zaleya decomdra 


VERNACULAR NAMES :

SINHALA : Maha sarana
TAMIL : Vellaisharunnai, Charanai

DESCRIPTION :

A prostrate, succulent, glabrous herb with slightly branched, long, angular stems and internodes 2.5- 9.5 cm long.

LEAVES:- Simple, exstipulate, opposite, somewhat unequal, 2-3.7 cm long, 0.8-2.2 cm broad, oblong- oval, rounded and apiculate at the apex.


FLOWERS:- Regular, bisexual, 4 mm diameter apetalous, short-pediculate in dense sub-umbellate, axillary clusters.  


FRUIT:- A membranous, 4-seeded capsule, 4.5 mm long with a hard thick truncate cap which is detached by a transverse dehiscence carrying away two of the seeds with Seeds orbicular reniform, 1.5 mm diameter, black and somewhat flat on the side (Jayaweera, 1981).

DISTRIBUTION:
 

Grows in India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Timor and Java. In Sri Lanka it is grown well in the wet zone. It is cultivated in the dry zone under irrigation (Jayaweera, 1981).
 

EDIBLE PARTS : Whole plant. 
FOOD USE : Eaten as a vegetable.

NUTRITIONAL AND THERAPEUTIC VALUE:

Moisture - 91.3 g, Energy - 24 kcal, Protein - 2.0 g, Fats - 0.4 g, Carbohydrates - <m 3.28 g, Calcium - 100 mg, Phosphorus - 30 mg, Iron - 38.5 mg, Vitamin C - 70 mg.

The root of the plant is an aperient and is useful in hepatitis and asthma. Given with milk, it is supposed to be specific for orchitis. The juice of the leaf is dropped into the nostrils to relieve migraine (Jayaweera, 1981).


CULTIVATION:
 

Areas for cultivation- can be grown in all regions of the country. Loamy and sand soils with a high humus content are preferred.
Planting season- Throughout year. However, for good crop establishment, plant during the rainy season.


Land preparation - The land has to be worked to a depth of about 20 cm in order to attain a fine condition which can be done by mammoty.
Planting material- Seeds and cuttings


Irrigation - Adequate soil moisture must be made available for establishment and good growth of the crop. 

Fertilizer- Add organic matter at the rate of 1.5 kg/sqm at planting and every 6 months there after.


STORAGE :
 

In room temperature, it lasts only a few days and can not be kept beyond this length of time.