'DURIO ZEBETHINUS' FROM 'BAMBACACEAE' FAMILY

ABOUT 'DURIO ZEBERTHINUS' PLANT


Durio zebethinus

FAMILY :- BOMBACACEAE
 

BOTANICAL NAME :- Durio zebethinus
 

VERNACULAR NAMES :
 

SINHALA : Durian 
ENGLISH : Durian, Civit Fruit 


DESCRIPTION:
 

Durian is a tree reaching 40 cm high. The bark is grey, long itudinally furrowed and rough.
 

FLOWERS: They are golden yellow and arranged incymes. It flowers from June to September and bears ripe fruits from October to February.
 

FRUITS:- They are large 25-30 cm, spherical, ellipsoid or ovoid, densely convered with long or short and pointed or blunt spines. The ails which cover seeds are white, bright yellow or yellowish white. It tastes sweet of somewhat bitter sweet and is strongly odourous (Jensen, 1985).
 

DISTRIBUTION :
 

It is native to Malaysia, now a days it is widely cultivated throughout Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Burama, Malaysia and Philippines (FAO, 1982).
 

EDIBLE PARTS: The fruit, seeds.
 

FOOD USE: The ails are usually eaten fresh. They are also sometimes made into a kind of dish prepared by first keeping them in brine, adding spices and then fermenting them. The fruits are also commonly used for flavoring ice-cream, candy and pastry. Nearly riped fruits may also be eaten as a vegetable. The seeds can be eaten after been boiled, or thinly sliced and fried.
 

NUTRITIONAL AND THERAPEUTIC VALUE :
 

Moisture - 58.0 g, 
Energy - 183 kcal, 
Protein - 2.8 g, Fat - 3.9 g, 
Carbohydrates 34.18 g, 
Calcium - 20 mg, 
Phosphrus - 50 mg, 
Iron - 1.0 mg, 
Carotene - 12 meg. (Perera et. al., 1979). 

Leaves are utilized in medicinal baths for jaundice. Leaves and roots are used in a compound for fevers. The fruit has depurative and vermifuge properties, and is also considered tonic. Fruit walls are used externally for skin complaints (De Pauda et al., 1987).
 

ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE:
 

Deep silt or clay loam soil with high organic matter is suitable for durian. Soil should also have a high content of sulpher. Temparatures below 8°C are harmful for durian.
 

CULTIVATION :
 

Grows well mid-country and upcountry areas. Generally propagated by seeds. Plants raised from seeds will produce fruits with different taste from those of the parent plants. Propargation of desirable plants can be better effected by bud-grafting. Properly cultivated plants will fruit after 7-8 years.