'GARCINIA TERPNOPHYLLA' FROM 'CLUSIACEAE' FAMILY

ABOUT 'GARCINIA MONGOSTANA' PLANT

Garcinia terpnophylla

FAMILY:- CLUSIACEAE
 

BOTANICAL NAME:- Garcinia terpnophylla
 

VERNACULAR NAMES :
 

SINHALA - Koketiya, Gokatu 
ENGLISH - Indian Gamboge

 



DESCRIPTION :
 

A moderately tall handsome tree with drooping branches. Bark pale, grayish or yellowish-gray, rather thing, smooth, affording a turgid, yellowish-green resin in small quantity.
 

LEAVES :- Very variable in size and shape, opposite, about 3-8 inches long, oval or narrowly oval, or lanceolate, much tapered at base abruptly, or gradually acute at open, or acuminate. Stiff, dark above, much paler below, a entire. Petiole, thick, short, 1/2 inch or less. Midrib distinct, prominent. Lateral veins parallel. An intermarginal veins run between the arching ends of the lateral veins and the leaf margin is conspicuous. When very young, the leaves are tinged with pink.
 

FLOWERS:- Scented, pale yellow in axillary clusters make flowers have sepals and petals, the latter much longer than the former, stamens in spreading bundles. Female flowers larger than male flowers. Stigma irregularly lobed.
 

FRUITS:- About 1 inch, ovoid, smooth, pointed.
 

WOOD:- The outer sap-wood very pale-yellowish or grayish white, soft. Hent-wood yellowish brown. Becoming a rich mahogany brown with age; smooth, close-grained and intensively hard. With water - seasoning, the wood is much improved in general, but owing to its extreme hardness it is not a favourite in general, but owing to its extreme hardness it is not a favourite with sawyers (Dassanayake and Fosberg, 1980).
 

DISTRIBUTION :
 

This endemic tree is irregularly distributed in Sri Lanka (Bandaranaike and Sultanbawa, 1991). It is mainly confined to the wet forests from 300 to 1200 m altitude, but is nowhere very abundant, it is occasionally sub-gregarious (Dassanayake and Fosberg, 1980). 

EDIBLE PARTS: Inner segments and seeds.
FOOD USE: Inner segments are eaten as mangosteen. Oil extracted from seeds called "Kokum butter" is edible.
 

NUTRITIONAL ANMD THERAPEUTIC VALUE:
 

Oil is used for preparation of remedy for piles. Oil is also applied to burns, itchas and boils (Dassanayake and Fosberg, 1980).
 

OTHER USES:
 

Since the use of timber is very popular in Sri Lanka, it is widely used in many occasions.