ONE OF MORE 'AIZOACEAE' FAMILY PLANT 'THIRANTHEMA PORTULASTRUM'

ABOUT 'THRIANTHEMA PORTHULACASTRUM' FAMILY PLANTS


Trianthema portulacastrum

FAMILY : AIZOACEAE


BOTANICAL NAME: Trianthema portulacastrum


VERNACULAR NAMES :


SINHALA : Hin sarana
TAMIL : Sharunnai.Shavalai
ENGLISH : Horse purslane 




DESCRIPTION :
 

A prostrate, much branched, succulent herb with rather angular stems.
 

LEAVES:- Simple, obliquely opposite very unequal, succulent, glabrous,the upper ones larger.
 

FLOWERS:- Small, light pink, regular, 4 mm diameter, bisexual, apetalous, sessile, axillary, almost inside the pouch of the petioles of the smaller leaves.


FRUITS:- Capsule 7 mm long, 5 mm broad, obconical, truncate, somewhat like the . cusp of a molar tooth at apex with 1 -4 seeds in the upper portion at dehiscence. Seeds - Reniform, black, muriculate, 1.5-1.7 mm diameter (Jayaweera, 1981).
 

DISTRIBUTION :
 

Grows throughout India, Sri Lanka, and most tropical countries. In Sri Lanka, it grows in the low country especially on the coast and in the Dry Zone near tanks (Jayaweera, 1981).

EDIBLE PARTS : Whole plant. 

FOOD USE: Eaten as a pot herb.

NUTRITIONAL AND THERAPEUTIC VALUE :
 

Moisture - 93.4 g, Energy - 21.0 Kcal , Protein -2.1 g, Fat -0.3 g, Carbohydrate 2.3 g, Calcium - 50 mg, Phosphorus-28 mg, Iron Fe-2.4 mg, Vitamin - A-495 mg, 0 Thiamine -930 mg, Riboflavin 130 mg, C-10 mg ((Weerakoon, 1993). 
 

The root contains a glucoside similar to saponin. The plant is a good source of calcium, iron and phosphorus. The powdered bitter and nauseous root is given in combination with ginger as cathartic. A decoction of the root is an abortifacient and emmenagogue. According to Nadkarni, an infusion of the roots is given for constipationjaundice, strangury, dropsy, turbid liver and asthma. In Ghana the plant is applied as a dressing or poultice (Jayaweera, 1981).

CULTIVATION:
 

See Maha Sarana (Trianthera decandra).
 

STORAGE:
 

It lasts only two days under normal conditions.